• Systemic amyloid A amyloidosis in island foxes (Urocyon littoralis): Severity and risk factors

      Gaffney, Patricia M.; Witte, Carmel L.; Clifford, D. L.; Imai, D. M.; O’Brien, T. D.; Trejo, M.; Liberta, F.; Annamalai, K.; Fändrich, M.; Masliah, E.; et al. (2016)
      ...Here we define the severity of glomerular and medullary renal amyloid and identify risk factors for AA amyloidosis in 321 island foxes necropsied from 1987 through 2010. In affected kidneys, amyloid more commonly accumulated in the medullary interstitium than in the glomeruli (98% [n = 78 of 80] vs 56% [n = 45], respectively; P < .0001), and medullary deposition was more commonly severe (19% [n = 20 of 105]) as compared with glomeruli (7% [n = 7]; P = .01)....