• Possible evidence for a lack of medicinal efficacy in sun bear bile?

      Davis, Elizabeth Oneita; Gaffi, Lorenzo; Zaw, Thet; Mussoni, Giulia; Glikman, Jenny A. (2020)
      A growing body of evidence has illuminated the ubiquity of bear bile and bear gallbladder use across mainland Southeast Asia (Davis et al. 2016, 2019a,b). In Vietnam, the use of bear bile/gallbladder appears to be comparable to neighboring China, with ubiquitous farms in provinces across the country, the majority of which extract bile from Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus) (Crudge et al. 2020)....