• Isolation of a Bohle-like iridovirus from boreal toads housed within a cosmopolitan aquarium collection

      Cheng, Kwang; Jones, Megan E. B.; Jancovich, James K.; Burchell, Jennifer; Schrenzel, Mark D.; Reavill, Drury R.; Imai, Denise M.; Urban, Abby; Kirkendall, Maryanne; Woods, Leslie W.; et al. (2014)
      A captive ‘survival assurance’ population of 56 endangered boreal toads Anaxyrus boreas boreas, housed within a cosmopolitan collection of amphibians originating from Southeast Asia and other locations, experienced high mortality (91%) in April to July 2010. Histological examination demonstrated lesions consistent with ranaviral disease, including multicentric necrosis of skin, kidney, liver, spleen, and hematopoietic tissue, vasculitis, and myriad basophilic intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies…. This finding has implications for the management of amphibians destined for use in reintroduction programs, as their release may inadvertently lead to viral dissemination.
    • Trouble in paradise

      Toledo, Luís Felipe; de Paula, Catia Dejuste; Pessier, Allan P. (2016)
      The article discusses the reasons for occurrences of deformed and blind toads in large numbers on Brazilian island such as Fernando de Noronha, Brazil. It highlights several causes for amphibian malformations including chemical pollutants, overexposure to ultraviolent radiation and inbreeding....