• Conventional seed banking to support species survival in the wild: Introduction

      Walters, Christina; Maschinski, Joyce; Center for Plant Conservation (CPC) (Center for Plant ConservationEscondido, California, 2019)
      One in five plant species are at risk of extinction worldwide. Growing concerns for the loss of plant genetic diversity and species’ extinctions, as well as advancing knowhow to make successful conservation collections, motivates CPC Network scientists to collect seeds from wild populations and bank them. The great diversity of plants throughout the world helps define our sense of place and our cultural heritage....
    • Curating small samples: Increasing the number of seeds for storage and restoration

      Maschinski, Joyce; Walters, Christina; Haskins, Kris; Birker, Cheryl; Randall, Johnny; Randall, Leslie; Watkins, Kirstie; Clarke, Margaret; Davitt, Joe; Havens, Kay; et al. (Center for Plant ConservationEscondido, California, 2019)
      Some species produce so few seeds in the wild that collections of 100 seeds or less are expected. These require additional care. For best conservation value, increase seeds before storage by taking steps to grow to maturity, collect next generation seeds, and store....
    • Desert rarity, endemism and uniqueness

      Vanderplank, Sula E.; Ezcurra, Exequiel (Elsevier, 2019)
    • Distributing samples and information

      Maschinski, Joyce; Walters, Christina; Heineman, Katherine D.; Blaik, Rowan; Frances, Anne; Horn, Christa M.; Tiller, Anita; Allenstein, Pam; Anderson, Stacy; Crews, Spencer; et al. (Center for Plant ConservationEscondido, California, 2019)
      Conservation collections ideally serve the conservation of the species in the wild. Distributions made for this purpose are encouraged. Permits, the collector’s institution collection policy, and the storage agreement with banking facilities will govern the distribution details for seeds, tissues, or whole plants in the future. Distribute in a manner that maintains collection health....
    • Documentation

      Maschinski, Joyce; Heineman, Katherine D.; Randall, Johnny; Center for Plant Conservation (CPC) (Center for Plant ConservationEscondido, California, 2019)
      Conservation collections require appropriate documentation to retain their highest conservation value. When documentation is kept according to international standards, it can be easily shared with other institutions
    • Documentation and data sharing: Introduction

      Maschinski, Joyce; Heineman, Katherine D.; Center for Plant Conservation (CPC) (Center for Plant ConservationEscondido, California, 2019)
      ...The rapidly improving information technology and bioinformatics fields are increasing the speed and convenience of data input and data sharing for both research and conservation actions. However, key to the efficacy of any database is timely input and ongoing updates from practitioners.
    • Ecology and behavior of uacaris (genus Cacajao)

      Barnett, Adrian A.; Bowler, Mark; Bezerra, Bruna M.; Defler, Thomas R.; Veiga, Liza M.; Barnett, Adrian A.; Ferrari, Stephen F.; Norconk, Marilyn A. (Cambridge University PressCambridge, 2013)
    • Field genebanks or inter situ collection

      Maschinski, Joyce; Westwood, Murphy; Havens, Kayri; Hoban, Sean; Anderson, Stacy; Walsh, Seana; Center for Plant Conservation (CPC) (Center for Plant ConservationEscondido, California, 2019)
      Maintaining small populations of plants in protected places may be a necessary conservation strategy for some species; these are known as field genebanks. At botanical gardens, these are often part of living display collections....
    • Forward

      Alberts, Allison C.; Iverson, John B.; Grant, Tandora D.; Knapp, Charles R.; Pasachnik, Stesha A. (2016)
      This compilation represents the third time that iguana researchers from around the world have collaborated to publish a diversity of papers on the behavior, ecology, evolution, and conservation of this unique taxonomic group....
    • Generation of induced pluripotent stem cells from mammalian endangered species

      Ben-Nun, Inbar Friedrich; Montague, Susanne C.; Houck, Marlys L.; Ryder, Oliver A.; Loring, Jeanne F.; Verma P.; Sumer H. (Humana PressNew York, NY, 2015)
      For some highly endangered species there are too few reproductively capable animals to maintain adequate genetic diversity, and extraordinary measures are necessary to prevent their extinction. Cellular reprogramming is a means to capture the genomes of individual animals as induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), which may eventually facilitate reintroduction of genetic material into breeding populations. Here, we describe a method for generating iPSCs from fibroblasts of mammalian endangered species.
    • Genetic guidelines for acquiring a conservation collection

      Maschinski, Joyce; Walters, Christina; Guerrant, Ed; Murray, Sheila; Havens, Kayri; Font, Jeremie; Kramer, Andrea; Vitt, Pati; Neale, Jennifer Ramp; Guerrant Jr., Edward O.; et al. (Center for Plant ConservationEscondido, California, 2019)
      Planning the quantities to collect from one population and across the range of species will improve the chance of maximizing the genetic diversity of the conservation collection. Maintain maternal lines separately to help approximate potential genetic diversity and allow flexibility for use in future conservation translocations. Collect no more than 10% of a population’s seed crop in a single year and no more than 5 years out of 10.
    • Genetic guidelines for acquiring, maintaining, and using a conservation collection: Introduction

      Maschinski, Joyce; Havens, Kayri; Font, Jeremie; Kramer, Andrea; Vitt, Pati; Neale, Jennifer Ramp; Guerrant Jr., Edward O.; Edwards, Christine; Steele, Stephanie; Center for Plant Conservation (CPC) (Center for Plant ConservationEscondido, California, 2019)
      Essential to plant conservation practice of the Center for Plant Conservation is taking action that will benefit species’ survival and reduce the extinction risk of globally and/or regionally rare plant species. CPC participating institutions make conservation collections for this purpose....
    • Genetic guidelines for maintaining a conservation collection

      Maschinski, Joyce; Havens, Kayri; Font, Jeremie; Kramer, Andrea; Vitt, Pati; Neale, Jennifer Ramp; Guerrant Jr., Edward O.; Edwards, Christine; Steele, Stephanie; Center for Plant Conservation (CPC) (Center for Plant ConservationEscondido, California, 2019)
      While the conservation collection grows in the nursery, take care to maintain genetic diversity. Keeping records and labels on aternal lines will help track the potential genetic diversity represented in the collection and can be used to equalize family lines for reintroductions or other conservation translocations.
    • Giant otters: using knowledge of life history for conservation

      Groenendijk, Jessica; Hajek, Frank; Johnson, Paul; Macdonald, David W.; Macdonald, David W.; Newman, Chris; Harrington, Lauren A. (Oxford University PressOxford, UK, 2017)
    • Growth, coloration, and demography of an introduced population of the Acklins Rock Iguana (Cyclura rileyi nuchalis) in the Exuma Islands, The Bahamas

      Iverson, John B.; Smith, G.R.; Pasachnik, Stesha A.; Hines, K.N.; Pieper, L.; Iverson, John B.; Grant, Tandora D.; Knapp, Charles R.; Pasachnik, Stesha A. (2016)
      In 1973, five Acklins Rock Iguanas (Cyclura rileyi nuchalis) from Fish Cay in the Acklins Islands, The Bahamas, were translocated to Bush Hill Cay in the northern Exuma Islands. That population has flourished, despite the presence of invasive rats, and numbered > 300 individuals by the mid-1990s....
    • Habitat utilization of Roatán Spiny-tailed Iguanas (Ctenosaura oedirhina) and its implications for conservation

      Goode, A.B.C.; Pasachnik, Stesha A.; Maple, T.L.; Iverson, John B.; Grant, Tandora D.; Knapp, Charles R.; Pasachnik, Stesha A. (2016)
      ...With data gathered from use/availability surveys, resource selection functions can identify habitats and environmental variables associated with the presence of a species. Herein, we used these techniques to better understand the distribution of the Roatán Spiny-tailed Iguanas (Ctenosaura oedirhina), a narrow-range endemic on the island of Roatán, Honduras....
    • Human–wildlife conflicts and the need to include coexistence

      Frank, Beatrice; Glikman, Jenny A.; Frank, Beatrice; Glikman, Jenny A.; Marchini, Silvio (Cambridge University Press, 2019)
    • Human–wildlife interactions: Multifaceted approaches for turning conflict into coexistence

      Glikman, Jenny A.; Frank, Beatrice; Marchini, Silvio; Frank, Beatrice; Glikman, Jenny A.; Marchini, Silvio (Cambridge University Press, 2019)
    • Implementing the reintroduction

      Maschinski, Joyce; Albrecht, Matthew A.; Font, Jeremie; Monks, Leonie; Haskins, Kristin E.; Center for Plant Conservation (CPC) (Center for Plant ConservationEscondido, California, 2019)
      Good logistical preparation will make installation day run smoothly. Ensure that the plants or seed plots are labeled, mapped, and recorded in such a way that they can be monitored for many years into the future.
    • Implications of population and metapopulation theory for restoration science and practice

      Maschinski, Joyce; Quintana-Ascencio, Pedro F (Springer, 2016)