• Justifying and deciding whether to conduct a reintroduction or other conservation translocation

      Maschinski, Joyce; Albrecht, Matthew A.; Font, Jeremie; Monks, Leonie; Haskins, Kristin E.; Center for Plant Conservation (CPC) (Center for Plant ConservationEscondido, California, 2019)
      Reintroduction is not the first step toward the conservation of a species, but rather follows a careful process of gathering information about the species, threats, alternative actions, and future needs. There are several considerations for justifying a reintroduction.
    • Laboratory diagnostics

      Rideout, Bruce; Braun, Josephine; Pessier, Allan P.; Terio, Karen A.; McAloose, Denise; St. Leger, Judy (Academic PressSan Diego, CA, 2018)
      This chapter focuses on the challenges of using laboratory diagnostics in wildlife and how to choose an appropriate test and interpret the results. Very few diagnostic tests have been validated for use in wildlife, which creates challenges for the diagnostician because some of these tests must be used anyway, while others should be avoided....
    • Lemurs in mangroves and other flooded habitats

      Donati, Giuseppe; Eppley, Timothy M.; Ralison, J.; Youssouf, J.; Ganzhorn, Jörg U.; Barnett, A. A.; Matsuda, I.; Nowak (Cambridge University PressCambridge, UK, 2019)
      Recent estimates indicate that mangroves in Madagascar occupy an area of approximately 2800 km2, representing about 2% of global mangroves. Being marginal habitats with extreme temperatures, solar radiation levels, winds, salinity and flooding, mangrove forests are relatively poor in species diversity....
    • Opportunities and challenges for conserving small populations: An emerging role for zoos in genetic rescue

      Ryder, Oliver A.; Minteer, Ben A.; Maienschein, Jane; Collins, James P. (University of Chicago PressChicago, IL, 2018)
      The growing commitment of zoos to address accelerated rates of extinction and losses of biodiversity utilizing the populations they manage has led to the exploration of options to rescue species from extinction, including advanced genetic and reproductive technologies. The availability of banked viable cell cultures, such as those held in collections like San Diego Zoo Global’s Frozen Zoo® and other facilities, may ultimately provide resources to reduce extinction risk of species for which appropriate samples have been collected....
    • Pitheciins: Use of time and space

      Setz, E.Z.F.; Pinto, L.P.; Bowler, Mark; Barnett, A.A.; Vie, J.C.; Barnett, A.A.; Veiga, L.M.; Ferrari, S.F.; Norconk, M.A. (Cambridge University PressCambridge, 2013)
    • Preparing the reintroduction

      Maschinski, Joyce; Albrecht, Matthew A.; Font, Jeremie; Monks, Leonie; Haskins, Kristin E.; Center for Plant Conservation (CPC) (Center for Plant ConservationEscondido, California, 2019)
      Careful planning of biological, ecological, political, and financial support for the reintroduction will help ensure success. Designing a reintroduction entails linking genetic source to the recipient site characteristics
    • Prosimians

      McAloose, Denise; Stalis, Ilse H.; Terio, Karen A.; McAloose, Denise; St. Leger, Judy (Academic PressSan Diego, CA, 2018)
    • Rare plant reintroduction and other conservation translocations: Introduction

      Maschinski, Joyce; Albrecht, Matthew A.; Font, Jeremie; Monks, Leonie; Haskins, Kristin E.; Center for Plant Conservation (CPC) (Center for Plant ConservationEscondido, California, 2019)
      The ultimate goal of rare plant conservation is to ensure that unique taxa experience continued evolution within a natural context. The science of reintroduction is rapidly evolving.
    • Reducing human impacts on Andean bears in NW Peru through community-based conservation

      Young, Samantha; Van Horn, Russell C.; Glikman, Jenny A.; Nevin, Owen; Convery, Ian; Davis, Peter (Boydell & BrewerNewcastle, UK, 2019)
      Andean bears live throughout the tropical Andes in a large latitudinal and elevational gradient across diverse habitats. They are threatened throughout their range by habitat loss, habitat fragmentation, and hunting, and in many places they overlap with human settlements and agricultural fields, creating competition or conflict for resources....
    • Righting past wrongs and ensuring the future

      Moehrenschlager, Axel; Shier, Debra M.; Moorhouse, Tom P.; Price, Mark R. Stanley (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013)
      The near-exponential growth in the frequency of reintroductions surely indicates that reintroductions are now a highly effective tool to combat the increasing loss of global biodiversity. This chapter discusses the questions regarding risks, the initiation of reintroductions, the refinement of reintroduction techniques and evaluations of reintroduction programme success. It examines key components that comprise the status quo of reintroduction science and proposed crucial advancements where appropriate. The remainder of this chapter also examines the increasing challenges and possible responses of the future, particularly within the context of emerging infectious diseases, increasing habitat loss and climate change. It outlines some of the ways in which rigour could be implemented to improve the success rates - and their definition - of reintroductions. The chapter poses the question of whether reintroductions are on the verge of a disciplinary shift within the conservation toolbox.
    • Short tongue syndrome and hypovitaminosis A

      Pessier, Allan P.; Divers, S.; Mader, D. (ElsevierSt. Louis, 2014)
    • Social marketing and conservation

      Smith, Robert J.; Salazar, Gabby; Starinchak, Joseph; Thomas-Walters, Laura; Veríssimo, Diogo; Sutherland, William J.; Brotherton, Peter N. M.; Davies, Zoe G.; Ockendon, Nancy; Pettorelli, Nathalie; et al. (CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESSS.l., 2020)
    • Splitting samples for safety duplication storage and testing

      Maschinski, Joyce; Walters, Christina; McCue, Kim; Remucal, David; Ritchie, James; Meyer, Evan; Wesley, Robert; Way, Michael; Chapman, Suzzanne; Fitch, Ryan; et al. (Center for Plant ConservationEscondido, California, 2019)
      The old adage “Don’t put all your eggs in one basket” applies to seed banking. Divide each accession and store each half at a different safe seed banking facility. Create curation packages to place inside storage packages. Seeds in curation packages can be used for testing initial and long-term viability. Seeds in storage packages are intended to be stored long-term.
    • Terrestrial locomotion and other adaptive behaviors in howler monkeys (Alouatta pigra) living in forest fragments

      Serio-Silva, J. C.; Ramirez-Julian, R.; Eppley, Timothy M.; Chapman, C. A.; Reyna, R.; Chapman, C. A. (Springer NatureNew York, 2019)
      Howler monkeys (Alouatta spp.) are arguably one of the most successful primates in coping with highly fragmented habitats because of their flexible, yet mainly folivorous, diet. While they are able to survive, many other arboreal primate species appear to gradually disappear from these anthropogenic landscapes....
    • The Jamaican Iguana (Cyclura collei): a report of 25 years of conservation effort

      Wilson, B.; Grant, Tandora D.; Van Veen, R.; Hudson, R.; Fleuchaus, D.; Robinson, O.; Stephenson, K.; Iverson, John B.; Grant, Tandora D.; Knapp, Charles R.; et al. (2016)
      Considered extinct by the late 1940s, the Jamaican Iguana (Cyclura collei) was re-discovered in 1970, and its existence confirmed in 1990. The 1970 re-discovery went largely unnoticed; in contrast, the 1990 “re-discovery” spawned a successful international recovery effort….
    • Translocation and re-establishment of the Rimatara lorikeet from Rimatara Island, Austral Islands, French Polynesia to Atiu Island, Cook Islands

      Lieberman, Alan A.; Gerald McCormack; Rideout, Bruce; Malcolm, Roger; Soorae, Pritpal S. (IUCN/SSC Re-introduction Specialist Group ; Environment Agency-Abu DhabiGland, Switzerland ; Abu Dhabi, UAE, 2018)
      The Rimatara lorikeet (Vini kuhlii) (also Kuhl’s, ruby, scarlet-breasted lorikeet, ‘Ura, Kura, Vini kuhlii) appears on CITES Appendix II and is listed on Birdlife International/IUCN Red List as “endangered” due to its small population, limited distribution, and risk of ship rats becoming established on its home islands. The species is restricted to three islands: Rimatara in western French Polynesia and Tabuaran and Teraina in remote northeastern Kiribati....
    • Understanding local folklore and attitudes in Apennine brown bear conservation

      Glikman, Jenny A.; Frank, Beatrice; Nevin, Owen; Convery, Ian; Davis, Peter (Boydell & BrewerNewcastle, UK, 2019)
    • Update on infectious diseases of amphibians: It isn't just red leg anymore

      Pessier, Allan P.; Divers, S.; Mader, D. (ElsevierSt. Louis, 2014)
    • Use of scent ecology to improve reintroduction outcomes: applications for Tasmanian devils

      Shier, Debra M.; Reid-Wainscoat, Elizabeth E.; Swaisgood, Ronald R.; Hogg, Carolyn J.; Fox, Samantha; Pemberton, David; Belov, Katherine (CSIROClayton South, Australia, 2019)
    • Using a mixed-methods approach to elucidate the conservation implications of the human–primate interface in Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve, China

      Ellwanger, Amanda L.; Riley, Erin P.; Niu, Kefeng; Tan, Chia L. (Cambridge University PressNew York, 2017)
      To better conserve the rich biodiversity of Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve, China, we adopted an interdisciplinary approach based on ethnographic interviews, direct human behavioral observations and geospatial data collection to research into local people’s knowledge of and attitudes toward the nature reserve and its conservation flagship, the Guizhou snub-nosed monkey. This book chapter provides an excellent road map for conservation biologists to undertake similar types of studies....