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dc.contributor.authorGreggor, Alison L.
dc.contributor.authorVicino, Greg A.
dc.contributor.authorSwaisgood, Ronald R.
dc.contributor.authorFidgett, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorBrenner, Deena J.
dc.contributor.authorKinney, Matthew E.
dc.contributor.authorFarabaugh, Susan M.
dc.contributor.authorMasuda, Bryce M.
dc.contributor.authorLamberski, Nadine
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-13T01:33:44Z
dc.date.available2020-05-13T01:33:44Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fvets.2018.00323
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12634/159
dc.description.abstractAnimal welfare and conservation breeding have overlapping and compatible goals that are occasionally divergent. Efforts to improve enclosures, provide enriching experiences, and address behavioral and physical needs further the causes of animal welfare in all zoo settings. However, by mitigating stress, increasing behavioral competence, and enhancing reproduction, health, and survival, conservation breeding programs must also focus on preparing animals for release into the wild. Therefore conservation breeding facilities must strike a balance of promoting high welfare, while minimizing the effects of captivity to increase population sustainability. As part of the Hawaii Endangered Bird Conservation Program, San Diego Zoo Global operates two captive breeding facilities that house a number of endangered Hawaiian bird species. At our facilities we aim to increase captive animal welfare through husbandry, nutrition, behavior-based enrichment, and integrated veterinary practices. These efforts help foster a captive environment that promotes the development of species-typical behaviors. By using the “Opportunities to Thrive” guiding principles, we outline an outcome-based welfare strategy, and detail some of the related management inputs, such as transitioning to parental rearing, and conducting veterinary exams remotely. Throughout we highlight our evidence-based approach for evaluating our practices, by monitoring welfare and the effectiveness of our inputs. Additionally we focus on some of the unique challenges associated with improving welfare in conservation breeding facilitates and outline concrete future steps for improving and evaluating welfare outcomes that also meet conservation goals.
dc.language.isoen
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2018.00323/full
dc.rightsCopyright © 2018 Greggor, Vicino, Swaisgood, Fidgett, Brenner, Kinney, Farabaugh, Masuda and Lamberski. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectANIMAL WELFARE
dc.subjectHUSBANDRY
dc.subjectBREEDING
dc.subjectWILDLIFE CONSERVATION
dc.subjectVETERINARY MEDICINE
dc.titleAnimal Welfare in Conservation Breeding: Applications and Challenges
dc.typeArticle
dc.source.journaltitleFrontiers in Veterinary Science
dc.source.volume5
dc.source.beginpage323
dcterms.dateAccepted2018
refterms.dateFOA2020-05-13T01:33:44Z
html.description.abstractAnimal welfare and conservation breeding have overlapping and compatible goals that are occasionally divergent. Efforts to improve enclosures, provide enriching experiences, and address behavioral and physical needs further the causes of animal welfare in all zoo settings. However, by mitigating stress, increasing behavioral competence, and enhancing reproduction, health, and survival, conservation breeding programs must also focus on preparing animals for release into the wild. Therefore conservation breeding facilities must strike a balance of promoting high welfare, while minimizing the effects of captivity to increase population sustainability. As part of the Hawaii Endangered Bird Conservation Program, San Diego Zoo Global operates two captive breeding facilities that house a number of endangered Hawaiian bird species. At our facilities we aim to increase captive animal welfare through husbandry, nutrition, behavior-based enrichment, and integrated veterinary practices. These efforts help foster a captive environment that promotes the development of species-typical behaviors. By using the “Opportunities to Thrive” guiding principles, we outline an outcome-based welfare strategy, and detail some of the related management inputs, such as transitioning to parental rearing, and conducting veterinary exams remotely. Throughout we highlight our evidence-based approach for evaluating our practices, by monitoring welfare and the effectiveness of our inputs. Additionally we focus on some of the unique challenges associated with improving welfare in conservation breeding facilitates and outline concrete future steps for improving and evaluating welfare outcomes that also meet conservation goals.


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  • SDZWA Research Publications
    Peer reviewed and scientific works by San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance staff. Includes books, book sections, articles and conference publications and presentations.
  • Conservation Science Publications
    Works by SDZWA's Conservation Scientists and co-authors. Includes books, book sections, articles and conference publications and presentations.

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Copyright © 2018 Greggor, Vicino, Swaisgood, Fidgett, Brenner, Kinney, Farabaugh, Masuda and Lamberski. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright © 2018 Greggor, Vicino, Swaisgood, Fidgett, Brenner, Kinney, Farabaugh, Masuda and Lamberski. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.