• 5.3 Grazing

      Becchetti, Theresa; Barry, Sheila; Honey, Marc; Ozeran, Rebecca; Defreese, Denise; de la Rosa, Charlie; Rao, Devii; Freese, Robert; Principe, Zach; Shomo, Brian (California Invasive Plant Council (Cal-IPC), 2021)
      ...The information in this guide is organized into sections based on similarities in the certain techniques— either how they are applied or how they control a weed.... Grazing by cattle, sheep, and goats can be used as a technique for controlling weeds. There are differences in effectiveness among grazers depending on weed species and environments being targeted, but in general grazing (herbivory) for weed control varies more by the plants being grazed than the animals grazing them....
    • Retrospective evaluation of the use of parenteral nutrition in hospitalized nondomestic ruminants.

      Mulreany, Lauren M.; Kinney, Matthew E.; Clancy, Meredith M.; Lamberski, Nadine; Werre, Stephen R. (2020)
      Parenteral nutrition (PN) is one method of providing nutrient support to hospitalized, nondomestic ruminants that have a decreased appetite in hospital or have high metabolic demands caused by illness.... All animals included were greater than 6 mo of age. This age criterion was selected to ensure animals had a fully functioning rumen. Eighteen were female (75%) and six (25%) were male. Eight were pregnant at the time of hospitalization, and three were lactating with a nursing calf at their side. Species included southern gerenuk (Litocranius walleri walleri, n = 3), Thomson's gazelle (Eudorcas thomsonii, n = 3), Zambesi lechwe (Kobus leche leche, n = 2), East African sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekii, n = 2), western tufted deer (Elaphodus cephalophus cephalophus, n = 2), eastern bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus isaaci, n = 2), Transcaspian urial (Ovis orientalis arkal, n = 1), South African greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros strepsiceros, n = 1), Nubian Soemmerring's gazelle (Nanger soemmerringii soemmerringii, n = 1), slender-horned gazelle (Gazella leptoceros, n = 1), Sudan barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia blainei, n = 1), Nile lechwe (Kobus megaceros, n = 1), Grant's gazelle (Nanger granti, n = 1), scimitar horned oryx (Oryx dammah, n = 1), South African springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis marsupialis, n = 1), and yellow-backed duiker (Cephalophus silvicultor, n = 1).