• Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus in 3 wildlife species, San Diego, California, USA

      Schrenzel, Mark D.; Tucker, Tammy A.; Stalis, Ilse H.; Kagan, Rebecca A.; Burns, Russell P.; Denison, Amy M.; Drew, Clifton P.; Paddock, Christopher D.; Rideout, Bruce (2011)
      The influenza A pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus rapidly created a global pandemic among humans and also appears to have strong infectivity for a broad range of animal species (1–3). The virus has been found repeatedly in swine and has been detected in a dog, cats, turkeys, and domestic ferrets and in nondomestic animals, including skunks, cheetahs, and giant anteaters (2–4). In some cases, animal-to-animal transmission may have occurred, raising concern about the development of new wildlife reservoirs. In 2009, the first recognized occurrence of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in southern California in April was followed by a surge of cases during October through November (4). During this time, respiratory illness developed in a 12-year-old male American badger (Taxidea taxus taxus), a 19-year-old female Bornean binturong (Arctictis binturong penicillatus), and a 7-year-old black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes) housed in a San Diego zoological garden....