• Chlamydia pneumoniae polioencephalomyelitis and ganglionitis in captive Houston toads (Anaxyrus houstonensis)

      Fratzke, Alycia; Howard, Lauren L.; Tocidlowski, Maryanne E.; Armién, Anibal; Oliveira, Fabiano; Ritchie, Branson; Berlin, Erin; Snook, Eric (2019)
      Chlamydia pneumoniae is a ubiquitous pathogen causing disease in humans, mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians. Since 2012, C. pneumoniae infection has caused neurologic disease and mortality in a breeding colony of endangered Houston toads (Anaxyrus houstonensis) at the Houston Zoo....
    • Treatment of chytridiomycosis with reduced-dose itraconazole

      Jones, Megan E. B.; Paddock, David; Bender, Lee; Allen, Jack L.; Schrenzel, Mark D.; Pessier, Allan P. (2012)
      Effective treatment methods to eliminate infection with Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) are required for development of sustainable captive survival assurance populations of amphibians and to reduce the risk of introducing Bd to new locations as part of amphibian trade or reintroduction programs. Treatment with itraconazole baths at 100 mg l-1 is commonly used in captive amphibians, but side effects are observed in some amphibian species and life stages….