• A meta-analysis of birth-origin effects on reproduction in diverse captive environments

      Farquharson, Katherine A.; Hogg, Carolyn J.; Grueber, Catherine E. (2018)
      Successfully establishing captive breeding programs is a priority across diverse industries to address food security, demand for ethical laboratory research animals, and prevent extinction. Differences in reproductive success due to birth origin may threaten the long-term sustainability of captive breeding. Our meta-analysis examining 115 effect sizes from 44 species of invertebrates, fish, birds, and mammals shows that, overall, captive-born animals have a 42% decreased odds of reproductive success in captivity compared to their wild-born counterparts. The largest effects are seen in commercial aquaculture, relative to conservation or laboratory settings, and offspring survival and offspring quality were the most sensitive traits. Although a somewhat weaker trend, reproductive success in conservation and laboratory research breeding programs is also in a negative direction for captive-born animals. Our study provides the foundation for future investigation of non-genetic and genetic drivers of change in captivity, and reveals areas for the urgent improvement of captive breeding.
    • Genetic characterization and epidemiology of Helicobacters in non-domestic animals

      Schrenzel, Mark D.; Witte, Carmel L.; Bahl, J.; Tucker, Tammy A.; Fabian, Niora; Greger, Heidi; Hollis, Chrissie; Hsia, Gary; Siltamaki, Erin; Rideout, Bruce; et al. (2010)
      ... To better understand the ecology of helicobacters, we did a PCR survey and epidemiologic analysis of 154 captive or wild vertebrate taxa originating from 6 continents....