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dc.contributor.authorFong, Jonathan J.
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Tina L.
dc.contributor.authorBataille, Arnaud
dc.contributor.authorPessier, Allan P.
dc.contributor.authorWaldman, Bruce
dc.contributor.authorVredenburg, Vance T.
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-29T18:13:14Z
dc.date.available2020-06-29T18:13:14Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0115656
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12634/469
dc.description.abstractThe pathogenic fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) is a major conservation concern because of its role in decimating amphibian populations worldwide. We used quantitative PCR to screen 244 museum specimens from the Korean Peninsula, collected between 1911 and 2004, for the presence of Bd to gain insight into its history in Asia. Three specimens of Rugosa emeljanovi (previously Rana or Glandirana rugosa), collected in 1911 from Wonsan, North Korea, tested positive for Bd. Histology of these positive specimens revealed mild hyperkeratosis – a non-specific host response commonly found in Bd-infected frogs – but no Bd zoospores or zoosporangia. Our results indicate that Bd was present in Korea more than 100 years ago, consistent with hypotheses suggesting that Korean amphibians may be infected by endemic Asian Bd strains.
dc.language.isoen
dc.relation.urlhttp://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0115656
dc.rights© 2015 Fong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectAMPHIBIANS
dc.subjectKOREA
dc.subjectHISTOLOGY
dc.subjectEXPERIMENTAL METHODS
dc.subjectPATHOLOGY
dc.titleEarly 1900s Detection of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Korean Amphibians
dc.typeArticle
dc.source.journaltitlePLOS ONE
dc.source.volume10
dc.source.issue3
dc.source.beginpagee0115656
refterms.dateFOA2020-06-29T18:13:14Z
html.description.abstractThe pathogenic fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) is a major conservation concern because of its role in decimating amphibian populations worldwide. We used quantitative PCR to screen 244 museum specimens from the Korean Peninsula, collected between 1911 and 2004, for the presence of Bd to gain insight into its history in Asia. Three specimens of Rugosa emeljanovi (previously Rana or Glandirana rugosa), collected in 1911 from Wonsan, North Korea, tested positive for Bd. Histology of these positive specimens revealed mild hyperkeratosis – a non-specific host response commonly found in Bd-infected frogs – but no Bd zoospores or zoosporangia. Our results indicate that Bd was present in Korea more than 100 years ago, consistent with hypotheses suggesting that Korean amphibians may be infected by endemic Asian Bd strains.


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© 2015 Fong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2015 Fong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.