Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorBrannelly, L.A.
dc.contributor.authorRichards-Zawacki, C.L.
dc.contributor.authorPessier, Allan P.
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-06T23:16:15Z
dc.date.available2020-11-06T23:16:15Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.issn0177-5103, 1616-1580
dc.identifier.doi10.3354/dao02521
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12634/764
dc.description.abstractDue in large part to recent global declines and extinctions, amphibians are the most threatened vertebrate group. Captive assurance colonies may be the only lifeline for some rapidly disappearing species. Maintaining these colonies free of disease represents a challenge to effective amphibian conservation. The fungal disease chytridiomycosis, caused by the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), is one of the major contributors to global amphibian declines and also poses a serious threat to captive assurance colonies. Many treatment options for Bd infection have not been experimentally tested and the commonly administered dosages of some drugs are known to have negative side effects, highlighting a need for clinical trials. The objective of this study was to clinically test the drug itraconazole as a method for curing Bd infection. We bathed Bd-positive juveniles of 2 anuran amphibian species, Litoria caerulea and Incilius nebulifer, in aqueous itraconazole, varying the concentration and duration of treatment, to find the combination that caused the fewest side effects while also reliably ridding animals of Bd. Our results suggest that a bath in 0.0025% itraconazole for 5 min d?1 for 6 d reliably cures Bd infection and causes fewer side effects than the longer treatment times and higher concentrations of this drug that are commonly administered.
dc.language.isoen
dc.relation.urihttp://www.int-res.com/abstracts/dao/v101/n2/p95-104/
dc.rightsCopyright © 2012 Inter-Research
dc.subjectAMPHIBIANS
dc.subjectENDANGERED SPECIES
dc.subjectBREEDING
dc.subjectCONSERVATION
dc.subjectFUNGI
dc.subjectDISEASES
dc.subjectINFECTION
dc.subjectRESEARCH
dc.subjectTHERAPY
dc.subjectPHARMACOLOGY
dc.titleClinical trials with itraconazole as a treatment for chytrid fungal infections in amphibians
dc.typeArticle
dc.source.journaltitleDiseases of Aquatic Organisms
dc.source.volume101
dc.source.issue2
dc.source.beginpage95
dc.source.endpage104
dcterms.dateAccepted
html.description.abstractDue in large part to recent global declines and extinctions, amphibians are the most threatened vertebrate group. Captive assurance colonies may be the only lifeline for some rapidly disappearing species. Maintaining these colonies free of disease represents a challenge to effective amphibian conservation. The fungal disease chytridiomycosis, caused by the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), is one of the major contributors to global amphibian declines and also poses a serious threat to captive assurance colonies. Many treatment options for Bd infection have not been experimentally tested and the commonly administered dosages of some drugs are known to have negative side effects, highlighting a need for clinical trials. The objective of this study was to clinically test the drug itraconazole as a method for curing Bd infection. We bathed Bd-positive juveniles of 2 anuran amphibian species, Litoria caerulea and Incilius nebulifer, in aqueous itraconazole, varying the concentration and duration of treatment, to find the combination that caused the fewest side effects while also reliably ridding animals of Bd. Our results suggest that a bath in 0.0025% itraconazole for 5 min d?1 for 6 d reliably cures Bd infection and causes fewer side effects than the longer treatment times and higher concentrations of this drug that are commonly administered.


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • SDZG Research Publications
    Peer reviewed and scientific works by San Diego Zoo Global staff. Includes books, book sections, articles and conference publications and presentations.

Show simple item record